The major is to cultivate basic knowledge in Chinese and Chinese literature. It is trained in systematic education and business ability in terms of theory, development history, and research status. It can be engaged in research, teaching, and research in scientific research institutions and universities. Can engage in teaching Chinese as a foreign language, and can be suitable for party and government organs, including newspapers and periodicals propaganda, press and publication, film and television culture, Internet, foreign exchange and other enterprises and institutions engaged in language and writing work.
First, professional comprehensive introduction
The Chinese Language and Literature major was one of the earliest majors in the history of Chinese universities and appeared at the end of the 19th century. After the 1980s, the Chinese language and literature majors have been greatly developed. Some normal universities should offer this major for middle school Chinese language teaching and training. Comprehensive universities also have this major in Chinese or liberal arts, even if It is a highly professional school, such as the Chinese People's Public Security University, which also has a Chinese department. For more than a century, the Chinese language and literature major has trained a large number of well-known scholars, professors, writers, journalists and playwrights, and has made great contributions to the Chinese humanities.
The courses of Chinese language and literature studies and research are generally divided into three categories, one is compulsory university public courses, and the other is compulsory professional foundation courses. In addition, each school will also offer elective courses based on the academic expertise of the school's teachers, such as the study of a writer in classical literature, such as the topic of Du Fu, Li Bai, Su Shi, Li Qingzhao and other famous writers. The topic of research, some style and genre research. In the modern and contemporary literature, literary theory, drama, language and other aspects, a series of elective courses will be offered in cooperation with the majors. Students can choose to focus on their own interests. Due to the long history of the Chinese language and literature, the research of the predecessors and the development of the present, there is a lot of accumulated knowledge, which is very helpful for the study of Chinese language and literature majors. Nowadays, many Chinese language and literature majors aim at the objective reality that most students are engaged in word processing related work after graduation. Most of them offer courses in Chinese information processing to enable students to master the necessary skills in office automation. Through professional study, students can not only enrich the knowledge of the language, but also lay a good theoretical foundation, and can cultivate the ability to analyze and solve problems, improve the writing level, and the graduates can be comfortable in writing.
Chinese language and literature majors generally have better writing skills and active thinking, and can do a lot of work. You can find suitable jobs such as journalists and editors in news publishing systems, such as newspapers, magazines, publishing houses, TV stations, and radio stations. You can also use your writing skills in the secretarial and propaganda departments of enterprises and institutions.
If you have a certain writing ability, strong analytical and research ability, and are interested in literature and writing, you can choose to report to the major. In recent years, the employment situation of Chinese language and literature majors has been relatively stable, not so popular, but the overall situation is still relatively good.
Chinese language and literature professional code: 050101.
Second, the development of professional education
The Chinese language and literature major is the main specialty of the Chinese Department of Chinese universities. The earliest establishment of this major is the Department of Chinese Literature of Peking University (referred to as the Chinese Department), and its predecessor was the Chinese literature of the Jingshi University Hall. On March 31, 1910, the Capital University of Beijing University established the "Chinese Literature Gate", officially as a teaching system for liberal arts. This is the earliest Chinese department in China. Its establishment marks the beginning of the formation of a modern independent discipline in Chinese language and literature. After that, the higher education institutions that set up Chinese language and literature majors later included the Chinese Department of Beijing Normal University and the Chinese Department of Fudan University. In the course of this discipline, a large number of famous scholars such as Lu Xun, Hu Shi, Liu Bannong, Shen Congwen, Wang Li, and Fei Ming have appeared in research and teaching.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, on the one hand, China's higher education scale expanded rapidly; on the other hand, with the inspiration of the people's wisdom, the culture was valued. For a time, many colleges and universities opened Chinese language and literature majors, such as Renmin University of China, East China Normal University, and Xiamen University. The Central University for Nationalities, etc., the scale of enrollment has gradually expanded. However, in the "Cultural Revolution", the Chinese language and literature majors suffered heavy losses. Not only did colleges and universities stop enrolling students, but many famous experts and scholars were also persecuted. A large number of historical documents and articles were damaged. This caused the research and education of Chinese language and literature in China. huge loss. After the end of the Cultural Revolution, this situation was changed. The original colleges and universities resumed the enrollment of this major, and many new colleges and universities have successively added this major. The Chinese language and literature majors have regained their vitality.
At present, the international research on Chinese language and literature has already reached a certain scale, especially the profoundness of Chinese and Chinese culture, attracting many foreign scholars. By the end of 1985, thousands of higher education institutions in more than 50 countries and regions had established Chinese or Chinese majors, and even primary and secondary schools had conducted Chinese language teaching. In addition, a large number of international students and scholars come to China to study and study each year. Many famous scholars in China are also invited to give lectures abroad. The Western academic spirit, academic methods and Eastern culture blend together, often rubbing new sparks, which is also good to promote. The development and dissemination of Chinese traditional culture.
Since the reform and opening up, the Chinese language and literature major has progressed rapidly. At present, almost all the comprehensive universities, Chinese departments of the professional colleges and related departments have established Chinese language and literature majors, including the Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Peking University and China Renmin University. Department of Language and Literature, Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Tsinghua University, Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Beijing Normal University, Chinese Department of Capital Normal University, Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Beijing Second Foreign Language University, Department of Language and Literature of Culture College of Beijing Language and Culture University, etc. In the Chinese and related departments of the above institutions, many also have master's and doctoral degrees. Take the Chinese Department of Peking University as an example. There are 2 research institutes, 2 research centers, and 2 national key teaching and research bases. 5 national key disciplines and 7 doctoral programs, 11 master programs, and 1 post-doctoral point. In terms of faculty, there are 126 faculty members, including 51 professors, 39 faculty members with doctoral degrees, and 58 faculty members under 45 years of age. For decades, they have trained a large number of outstanding talents for the country (more than 6,000 undergraduates, More than 1,000 master students, more than 300 doctoral students). In the 22 years since the new era, the research results have published more than 600 monographs and 450 academic papers.
As far as the distribution of Chinese language majors in Chinese universities is concerned, they can be roughly divided into two categories: teacher-training and non-teaching. They differ in the way and direction of training, but the professional courses are similar, mainly in Marxism. Introduction to Literature, Introduction to Linguistics, Aesthetics, History of Ancient Chinese Literature, History of Modern Chinese Literature, Contemporary Chinese Literature, Ancient Chinese Literature, Foreign Literature, Ancient Chinese, Modern Chinese, Introduction to Folk Literature, Computers and Applications, Writing, etc. In the practice teaching process, the normal Chinese language and literature major pays more attention to the cultivation of teachers' professional quality and the training of teaching ability.
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